Sewing Machine Parts – Your Machine Explained

(Last Updated On: September 17, 2021)


The sewing machine is a very important sewing device that consists of several other sewing devices. These sewing machines are mainly used to accomplish specific sewing operations. The parts of the sewing machine can be described in the following paragraphs:

Frame

The frame of the sewing machine holds all the integral components together, and also provides the balanced weight distribution for stability during stitching. It has a metal base and top; these parts help to keep even pressure on both sides while stitching and provide better stitch quality. The housing of the sewing machines is made up of steel, however, there are some that are made up of wood or plastic.

Feed Dogs

It is one kind of alternative name for bobbin winder part mechanism and it works on raising lowering mechanism that feeds sewing thread up and down which is under the sewing needle. It is situated on the underside of the sewing machine bed, and it works by raising or lowering sewing fabrics when sewing to raise sewing fabric properly to be positioned under the sewing needle which in turn allows the sewing process to take place without difficulty. This part generally gets worn out with time but can be replaced easily for better stitching quality and sewing experience.

Bobbin Winder

This sewing machine part is situated on the side of a sewing needle and it works by winding sewing thread with help of a bobbin to allow the sewing process to be completed without interruption and also ensures even stitching across the whole area. It is built up from steel or iron which helps to ensure that thread remains in one place till required for sewing purposes. One can easily approach this sewing device as it sits at a convenient location on the sewing machine body. This part generally gets worn out due to prolonged usage but can be replaced easily with a new one from any good market.

Bobbin case

It is one kind of alternative name for the bobbin winder part mechanism and plays an important role in order to allow the sewing process to take place smoothly. It is situated at one side of the sewing needle and helps in holding sewing thread properly which will be used by the sewing machine for stitching purposes. This part gets worn out due to extensive use but can be replaced easily with a new one from any market nearby.

Sewing Needle

This sewing machine part is situated on the underside of the sewing bed and acts as an essential component around which the sewing process takes place by passing through fabrics that are being stitched together. It is built up from steel or iron which allows the sewing needles to remain stable while moving along the fabric surfaces without getting jerked away during the stitching process. One can easily approach this sewing device as it sits at a convenient location on the sewing machine body. This sewing part gets worn out as sewing time progresses and can be replaced easily with a new one from any sewing supplies store nearby.

Throat Plate

It is situated at the underside of the sewing bed and plays an important role in order to allow sewing process to take place by meeting sewing needle properly which will pass through fabrics being stitched together. It is built up from steel or iron which allows it to remain stable while sewing process takes place by passing threaded fabric through its sewing plate underneath during stitching procedure, ensuring even distribution of thread across whole area without interruption. One can replace this part immediately when worn-out for better stitching quality and performance.

Presser Bar

It is situated on top of sewing bed and helps to keep sewing needle in place while sewing process takes place. It remains stable during sewing procedure and helps sewing needle move along fabric surface without getting jerked away from sewing task at hand. One can easily approach this sewing device as it sits at a convenient location on the of sewing machine body. This part generally gets worn out due to extensive use but can be replaced easily with a new one from any sewing supplies store nearby.

Lockstitch Plate

This is an important plate which protects the thread from being torn apart during sewing process by giving them space to pass through smoothly. This plate generally gets worn out due to excessive usage, but can be replaced easily with a new one from any local market nearby for better stitching quality and sewing experience.

Sewing Bed

It is situated at the underside of sewing machine and acts as a platform on which sewing needle gets passed through fabric by sewing thread during sewing process for stitching purpose. One can easily approach this sewing device as it sits at a convenient location on the of sewing machine body. This part generally gets worn out due to extensive use but can be replaced easily with a new one from any sewing supplies store nearby.

Spool Pin

This sewing machine part is situated at the sewing bed in order to hold spool of sewing thread properly while sewing process takes place. It gets worn out with extensive use but can be replaced easily with a new one from any sewing supplies store nearby.

Spool Pin Washer

It is also called as bobbin washer and sits underneath sewing needle where it helps to keep it stable during sewing procedure for stitching purpose which will pass through fabric surface without getting jerked away from job at hand, ensuring even distribution of thread across whole area without interruption. One can replace this part immediately when worn-out for better stitching quality and performance.

Bobbin Winder Part

This mechanical part makes sure that sewing thread flows out smoothly from spool sewing thread spool to sewing thread guide frame for sewing purpose. It plays an important role during sewing process as it allows sewing needle to pass through fabric surface properly while sewing takes place in order to ensure even distribution of thread across whole area without interruption. One can replace this part immediately when worn-out for better stitching quality and performance.

Thread Guide Frame

This mechanical sewing machine part is situated at the sewing bed which helps sewing thread to get passed from bobbin winder part easily into sewing needle in order to allow sewing process take place by passing fabrics being stitched together with ease(without getting jerked away from job at hand, ensuring even distribution of thread across whole area without interruption). One can replace this part immediately when worn-out for better sewing quality and sewing experience.

Sewing Needle Holder Frame

This sewing device part is situated at front of the sewing machine body where it helps sewing thread to get passed from the sewing needle in order to allow the sewing process to take place by passing fabrics being stitched together with ease(without getting jerked away from the job at hand, ensuring even distribution of thread across the whole area without interruption). One can replace this part immediately when worn out for better sewing quality and sewing experience.

One important feature that one can notice on such machines is the presence of a sewing speed control lever that sits adjacent to the foot pedal for convenience. This lever allows one to select different speeds while operating different types of stitching jobs like forward/reverse stitch or variable speed sewing jobs.

The sewing machine pedal can actually be found both in front of the sewing machine as well as at its back. The front sewing machines are generally used for more than one sewing process, so sewing speed control lever comes up very handy at the time when there is a need to use it to operate different types of stitching jobs like forward/reverse stitch or variable speed sewing jobs with little additional effort. But these days various sewing companies have introduced various models that offer reverse sewing knob on the sewing mechanism itself which make sewing job more convenient and faster too besides giving user satisfaction. The old fashioned foot pedal sewing machines are still being sold in an affordable price range but choices are limited by brand only like Singer, Brother and some others who don’t even offer sewing speed control in sewing machine pedal. The sewing machines which offer sewing speed control in sewing machine pedals are found only at higher-end sewing prices with a few choice like BABYLOCK, JUKI, MELCO etc.

One should understand the fact that the sewing process can be done at a much faster pace by using a sewing speed control lever than sewing by foot pedal. Furthermore, it is always advised to practice good quality sewing jobs without any compromise because various other factors come into play like the type and thickness of fabric being stitched together for the final sewing output product (good or bad).

The sewing machine may have different parts based on the features for each model, according to the manufacturer/brand. The sewing machine manual will include a diagram of your specific machine with its parts labelled: sewing footplate, sewing pedal, sewing speed control lever (optional), sewing needle holder frame, sewing bobbin winder etc.

Some sewing machines are actually very compact and easy to handle in operation where sewing adjustment can be done at any given point of time by using different type attachments (like attaching buttonhole attachments for sewing buttons on cloth pieces etc.).

Each sewing operation will require a different type of stitch to get the required sewing output quality and looking good in every way so one must keep these points in mind while setting up sewing equipment for any particular workpiece at hand. It is not advisable to mess around with each part when you don’t know what you are doing or how it works since it can lead to breakage if not careful enough! So make sure none of the vital parts are working loose before beginning each sewing process in order to achieve best possible results from your machine!